Research into human brain shows that the period from birth to the age of 8 is a critical phase for brain development and therefore the best time for learning. The influence of external environment is crucial to brain development. If a safe and accepting environment is available in early childhood, children will have positive brain development which is beneficial to their future learning.
According to the theory of multiple-intelligence, there are many aspects of human intelligence and every individual has varied strengths. Children should be provided a diversified learning environment to develop their different potentials.
Numerous studies on learning theory have shown that children learn gradually and construct knowledge with the assistance of adults. From the perspective of constructive learning theory, children are active and self-motivated in their learning process. Teachers have to take up the roles of facilitator, motivator and supporter to help children learn and grow.
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